Chinchillas are pretty and delightful animals. They will charm you with their playfulness all the time. Incidentally, you may tend to have more chinchillas.
You might have a plan to have more chinchillas. However, breeding chinchillas bring lot of onus on you; it is quite cumbersome, so have to take care of this seriously. You should have knowledge about the pregnancy complications, teeth problems, difference between heat plug and copulation plug and much more. Genetically, some problems are transferable. It is must to know that if any of the breeding pair have any health issues. When you run your hand over the chinchilla’s fur, you should feel silky and consistently even. The tail should be flocculent. The chinchillas must be extremely healthy and active, and not be related. Never breed a chinchilla with another chinchilla of similar color. Like white with another white, or a black with black or shiny velvet with velvet. These will create complications. They should be of similar ages and sizes. If you want to negate the breeding, it is better to have the male castrated. You should be prepared to invite the kits coming, with enough space and cages.
At the age of 8-10 weeks, male chinchillas can breed. 6-8 months is the fertile period for females. It is advisable that females are at least 8 months old before breeding. Allow 8 months or older to start chinchillas breeding or else it will create severe complications. This will help them to reach sexual maturity and help them achieving maximum growth in the pelvic region. Once you get hold of male and female chinchilla, keep them in separate cages side by side to know each other. This is the start of the breeding stage. It may take two weeks for them to introduce and understand each other. Move the female into the male chinchilla’s cage; never transfer the male into female cage. If they do fine, it is good, or else, separate the two immediately and again leave them as neighbors for another week. Have a keen observation on this. Chinchillas take time to be acquainted, so be patient. Male will attempt for mating with female in season. Every 30-40 days female come into season. While chasing the female, male wags his tail, creating curious noises. He will try to inveigle in his own style. During the mating, male will pull out gobs of female fur. The mating usually takes place at night.
Signs are visible, once the mating is over- male chinchillas have hiccups and they will insert a waxy plug into the female. Now you have to start looking out for the copulation plug (1 ½ inches long), which a female excretes within 24 hours of mating. Chinchillas mate up to 3 times a year. Male chinchillas clean their genitals after each mating. In this process, they loose several strands of hair and this will create a hair ring. This will result in excruciating pain, difficulty in urinating and swelling of the organ. So gently lubricate the penis, if hair rings are present and then cut them off. Once the conception date starts- excretion of the copulation plug- you can count from 109-120 days for the kits to arrive. On an average, the pregnancy is for 111 days. Never pick chinchillas with tail during pregnancy; this will create undue stress, and even the chances of abortion.
Before the delivery, remove the dust bath. A litter is usually one or two but can be up to six chinchillas. They are normally born during the night. Be ready with a box mounted with a heating pad under it to keep babies warm, when the mom is out of the cage. Arrange a carpet or soft platform on the cage floor for the babies to walk and avoid leg injuries. If the female has more than one baby, it may be necessary for the breeder to dry the first baby. Females will be ready to mate within the 72 hours after delivery. If you do not want any breeds, remove the male from the cage and place in another cage adjacent to the female’s cage. You can put back the male chinchilla in the cage with the female after 72 hours to help with the babies. When the babies are about 8 weeks old, they wean. The babies weigh from 30-60 grams on average. The baby chinchillas are born with soft fur and eyes open. They can walk without any support. You can just think, how amazing and charming they look. They eat pellets and hay, when they are two weeks old. In the eighth week the male, female and babies are separated to prevent impregnating with one another.
Now they have their own beautiful cages. After 14 weeks, you can sell chinchillas.